In order to create a holistic approach, taking into account the work done under Barcelona Convention and other international agreements, side event would be beneficial to discuss the climate change issues to accelerate the work and raising more awareness.
As known, the Mediterranean basin, in which our country is located, is among the regions that will be most affected by climate change. Increase in sea water temperature, rise in sea water, sea acidification, decrease in oxygen are resulting from climate-sea interactions. Climate change affects marine ecosystems (decrease of seagrass, coral, phytoplankton, etc., which are important oxygen sources for our seas, migration of invasive species, negatively affecting the reproduction of species, etc.). The average temperature in the Mediterranean basin is increasing 20% more than the global average, and sea level has risen 6 cm in the Mediterranean over the last two decades and seawater acidity has increased significantly. Mediterranean Sea water temperature is expected to increase by 1-4 °C in 2100.
Within the scope of the Barcelona Convention, in line with the Paris Agreement and the European Green Deal and sustainable development goals (especially SDG 13, SDG 11, SDG 12, SDG 14), between 2022 and 2027, in order to increase the resilience of the Mediterranean to climate change, land degradation, integrated coastal management, marine and coastal biodiversity, etc. ecosystem-based approach, nature-based solutions, circular economy, reduction of land-based pollution; an intensive study has been planned on the adoption of practices on the subject.