Identified as a climate change hotspot region by the IPCC, the numerous effects of climate change – including increasing water scarcity, rising temperatures and growing rates of desertification – are felt across borders in the Southern Mediterranean region. The increasing frequency of climate change impacts affects both socio-economic development and the geopolitical environment. The multi-dimensional nature of climate change calls for a coherent and coordinated multi-sectoral response.
The overall objective of CLIMA-MED is to enhance energy security and adaptive capacity of partner countries while fostering their transition to low carbon and climate-resilient economies, thereby contributing to more stable, efficient, competitive and climate-resilient socioeconomic contexts. The project objective is in-line and part of the “Energy security and Climate action in the Southern Neighbourhood 2017-2018” programme, which has been adopted by the European Commission in 2017.
The adoption of the Paris Agreement under the UNFCCC marked a significant stage in the global response to climate change. All Southern Mediterranean countries (with the exception of Libya) have ratified, or are in the process of ratifying, the Agreement. Whilst NDCs are accorded a legal value, they vary in scope, level of detail and ambition. Their implementation will present a considerable challenge in terms of institutional, technical and financial capacity development.
The project will be developed in coordination with other donors, bilateral EU programmes, as well as those being implemented directly at the national and local level. Creating synergies with relevant projects and programmes will be vital and will involve consultations with a wide range of initiatives, including those under the EU External Investment Plan.
The activities within each result area will support the formulation and implementation of climate actions and sustainable energy policies in the region.
- Actions under Result 1 will underpin efforts to enhance the capacities of partner countries to: coordinate with regional/ national/subnational stakeholders; implement and update NDCs; develop and implement adaptation/mitigation plans; and carry out MRV (Monitoring, Report and Verification) activities.
- Activities under Result 2 will significantly increase the number of SEACAPs across the region, strengthened by the establishment of Covenant of Mayors (CoM) support structures.
- Enabling access to finance under Result 3 is a key requirement towards achieving sustainable actions at both national and local level.
Achieving long-lasting impact: The achievement of each of these result areas – which we will realize throughout the Project Implementation – will lead to enhanced energy security and adaptive capacity of partner countries, fostering their transition to low carbon and climate- resilient economies. This will subsequently contribute to more stable, efficient, competitive and climate-resilient socioeconomic contexts, while increasing energy independence and reducing emissions.
The following key issues under each Result area have informed Clima-Med approach towards the project intervention:
|Result 1: Enhanced capacities of ENI (European Neighbourhood Instrument) South partner countries to: implement and update NDCs; develop and implement adaptation/mitigation plans; carry out MRV activities; and coordinate with regional/ national/subnational stakeholders||Work Package 1: Climate change governance and mainstreaming climate action
■ Capitalizing on the potential for cooperation to enable extensive knowledge sharing and capacity building;
■ Supporting mainstreaming of climate change policy through Evidence-Based Policymaking (EBPM) and broad-based participatory consultation;
■ Supporting behavioral change and implementation of sustainable policies through awareness-raising.
|Result 2: Increased number of sustainable local actions||Work Package 2: Sustainable local actions
■ Capitalizing on the comparative advantage of local governments in the design, development, implementation, enforcement and evaluation of climate change/energy policies;
■ Addressing local authorities’ limited capacity to design and implement technical actions;
■ Support the formulation and implementation of local Sustainable Energy Access and Climate Action Plan (SEACAPs), which will define concrete actions implemented by local authorities.
|Result 3: Improved access to finance mechanisms, leading to more sustainable actions at national and local level||Work Package 3: Access to finance for projects’ implementation
■ Acknowledging the key role of sustainable financing to ensure the transition away from high-carbon, resource-intensive and polluting sectors;
■ Exploring a range of financing mechanisms to accelerate funding for projects;
■ Recognizing the diversity of projects and programmes to be financed;
■ Addressing the capacity of decentralized local authorities to access, manage and implement projects.
About the promoter and partner institutions
Promoted by the European Commission, the Clima-Med project is implemented by a Consortium led by Hulla & Co. Human Dynamics KG with a total budget of € 6,9 million, fully provided by the EU.