Business Development

The Mediterranean region has one of the highest rates of unemployment in the world. In this context, the Secretariat of the Union for the Mediterranean (UfM) is engaged in the implementation of specific projects and initiatives focused on the development of business, employment opportunities and employability skills.

There is particularly emphasis on youth and women, thus addressing cross-cutting issues such as the promotion of women's socio-economic empowerment and the enhancement of youth employability. Particular attention is devoted to Micro, Small and Medium Enterprises (MSMEs), vectors for innovation and economic growth in the Mediterranean region.


  • Foster job creation and support the development of SMEs through the UfM Mediterranean Initiative for Jobs (Med4Jobs)
  • Implement the strategy for private sector development
  • Advance the digital economy and support creative industries in the region

Policy framework

Projects & Initiatives

The Agadir Declaration for the establishment of a free trade zone (FTZ) between the Hashemite Kingdom of Jordan, the Arab Republic of Egypt, the Tunisian Republic and the Kingdom of Morocco was signed...
The “Toolbox Project” will focus on selected employment services for young people as pilot examples. Based on case studies of existing approaches within the MENA region, a peer group together with a f...

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